农科院主页 网站地图 English
当前位置: 1zplay比分网» 科学研究» 科研产出» 论文

Bing Wang, Yang Liu*, Gui-Rong Wang*. Chemosensory genes in the antennal transcriptome of two syrphid species, Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae (Diptera: Syrphidae). BMC Genomics. 2017,18:586

       来源:1zplay电竞比分网 点击数: 次      发布时间:2017-12-06

Abstract
Background:
Predatory syrphid larvae are an important natural enemy of aphids in cotton agro-ecosystems in China. Their behaviors in prey foraging, localization and oviposition greatly rely on the perception of chemical cues. As a first step to better understand syrphid olfaction at the molecular level, we have performed a systematic identification of their major chemosensory genes.
Results: Male and female antennal transcriptomes of Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae were sequenced and assembled using Illumina HiSeq2000 technology. A total of 154 chemosensory genes in E. balteatus transcriptome, including candidate 51 odorant receptors (ORs), 32 ionotropic receptors (IRs), 14 gustatory receptors (GRs), 49 odorant-binding proteins (OBPs), 6 chemosensory proteins (CSPs) and 2 sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) were identified. In E. corollae transcriptome, we identified 134 genes including 42 ORs, 23 IRs, 16 GRs, 44 OBPs, 7 CSPs and 2 SNMPs. We have provided full-length sequences of the highly conserved co-receptor Orco, IR8a/25a family and carbon dioxide gustatory receptor in both syrphid species. The expression of candidate OR genes in the two syrphid species was evaluated by semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR. There were no significant differences of transcript abundances in the respective male and female antenna, which is consistent with differentially expressed genes (DEGs) analysis using the FPKM value. The sequences of candidate chemosensory genes were confirmed and phylogenetic analysis was performed.
Conclusions: This research comprehensively analyzed and identified many novel candidate chemosensory genes regarding syrphid olfaction. It provides an opportunity for understanding how syrphid insects use chemical cues to conduct their behaviors among tritrophic interactions of plants, herbivorous insects, and natural enemies in agricultural ecosystems.